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NutritionWeight loss Carbohydrates – macronutritients explained

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Today I'll discuss the importance of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are the body's main source of energy and therefore are very important. Read on to find out more about carbohydrates.  

Carbs are the body’s main source of energy. After eating carbohydrates, your pancreas will secrete a hormone called insulin. Insulin stores the carbohydrates in the muscle or as fat. Insulin also stores the amino acids (proteins) and puts them into the muscle cell for recovery and repair.

Too much insulin in the body is caused by eating too many carbohydrates. When there is a lot of insulin, it will give a sign to your cells to start the storage of glycogen synthesis. This will eventually lead to larger fat storages.

However, the opposite is also true: eating little carbohydrates will lead to smaller insulin concentrations. Your body will have less energy and will therefore start the lipolysis, to gain energy from the degradation of fats.

Therefore it is important that we eat the right amount of carbohydrates!
There are two kinds of carbs: complex carbohydrates and simple carbohydrates (sugars). Simple carbohydrates will give you immediate energy, while complex carbohydrates give you continuous energy. This is also called a “timed release”.

Some good advice: eat mainly complex carbohydrates throughout the day except after the workout, then your body needs simple carbs, because a higher glycogen level will aid faster recuperation and rebuild of the muscle.

There are 2 kinds of complex carbohydrates:
1) fibrous carbs: found mainly in brocooli, cauliflower, mushrooms, spinach, lettuce.
2) starchy carbs: found mainly in oatmeal, (sweet) potatoes, peas, corn, pasta, bread..
Complex Carbohydrates:

Simple carbohydrates are found mainly in apples, pineapples, pears, bananas and oranges.

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